Dating english clay pipes

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Some Native American cultures smoke tobacco in ceremonial pipes, and have done so since long before the arrival of Europeans.For instance the Lakota people use a ceremonial pipe called čhaŋnúŋpa.Ebauchon is taken from the heart of the burl while plateaux is taken from the outer part of the burl.While both types of blocks can produce pipes of the highest quality, most artisan pipemakers prefer to use plateaux because of its superior graining.Expensive pipes once had stems made of amber, though this is rare now. Briar is a particularly well suited wood for pipe making for a number of reasons.

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Metal and glass are uncommon materials for tobacco pipes, but are common for pipes intended for other substances, such as cannabis.Minerals such as catlinite and soapstone have also been used.Pipe bowls are sometimes decorated by carving, and moulded clay pipes often had simple decoration in the mould.Tobacco was introduced to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century and spread around the world rapidly.As tobacco was not introduced to the Old World until the 16th century A pipe's fundamental function is to provide a relatively safe, manipulable volume in which to incompletely combust tobacco (and/or other smokable substances) while allowing the smoke drawn from this combustion to cool sufficiently for inhalation by the smoker.

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